APPIANUS (ca. 100-ca.170). Historia Romana. - De bellis civilibus . Translated from Greek into Latin by Petrus Candidas Decembrius. Venice: Bernhard Maler (Pictor), Erhard Ratdolt and Peter Lslein, 1477.
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APPIANUS (ca. 100-ca.170). Historia Romana. - De bellis civilibus . Translated from Greek into Latin by Petrus Candidas Decembrius. Venice: Bernhard Maler (Pictor), Erhard Ratdolt and Peter Lslein, 1477. 2 parts in two volumes, royal 4 o (276 x 204 mm). Collation: [I:] a-i 1 0 k-n 8 o 1 0 (a1 blank, a2r translator's dedication to Pope Nicholas V, a3r Historia Romana , c2r blank, o10r colophon, o10v blank); 132 leaves. [II:] a-c 1 0 d 1 2 e-x 1 0 (a1 blank, a2r translator's dedication to Alfonso, King of Aragon and the two Sicilies, a3r contents, a4r De bellis civilibus , x10r colophon, x10v blank); 212 leaves. Unfoliated. 32 lines, shoulder notes. Type 1:109R. Four-sided woodcut white vine border (BMC 2a, Redgrave 2) on a2r of part I printed in red, three-sided woodcut white vine border (BMC 2b, Redgrave 3) on a2r of part II printed in black, both possibly by Bernhard Maler; 9- and 5-line white-on black woodcut initials. (Volume I with 2 wormholes to lower blank margins of last few leaves, light staining to fols. o9-10, short repaired tear to initial blank leaf in vol. II, small stain to h8-10, occasional minor dampstaining to extreme lower margins, scattered light marginal foxing, mainly in second volume.) Early 20th-century gilt panelled russia, gilt edges, remains of title(?) lettered on fore-edges of De bellis civilibus (joints and extremities slightly rubbed). Provenance : Joachim Erckstede, gift to Dr. Valentin de Teteleben (November 1522 inscriptions on last leaf in volume I and first blank in volume II); a few contemporary marginalia in Book 2 of De bellis civilibus , headlines consisting of book numbers or titles supplied erratically; William Harrison Woodward (bookplates). FIRST COMPLETE EDITION of the surviving portions of Appian's history of Rome. The translator's division of the extant books into two parts differs slightly in its order from the Greek originals. Part II only, De bellis civilibus , was printed in 1472 by Vindelinus de Spira (Goff A-931). Book III (Parthicus) in Part 1 of this and the following editions is a Byzantine compilation. The blank 11-line space on c1v and all of c2r in part 1 was left by the printers to indicate a gap in the extant manuscripts. This copy is one of a minority of copies in which one of the woodcut borders is red-printed; in most copies both borders were printed in black. The partnership of the printers Erhard Ratdolt and Bernhard Maler and the corrector and editor Peter Lslein lasted from 1476 to 1478. The exceptional beauty of the books printed at their press is characterized by the use of a series of very fine woodcut borders and initials along with a strikingly clear and pleasing roman type. Although traditionally credited to Ratdolt, the design of the woodblocks and possibly of the type is more likely to have been the work of Bernhard Maler, "the painter," who was in charge of the press. When Ratdolt set up his own press in 1480, he apparently brought only one of the border blocks with him, the one that appears in part II of the present work, which he used again for the 1482 Euclid. The border used in part I appears in this edition only. A FINE COPY. H 1307*; BMC V, 244 (IB. 20486-87); CIBN A-482; GW 2290; IGI 763; Redgrave 3-4; Essling 221; Pollard/Perrins 13; Sander 482; Goff A-928.
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