SHAKESPEARE, William (1564-1616) Comedies, Histories, and Tr...
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SHAKESPEARE, William (1564-1616). Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies. Published according to the true Original Copies. Unto which is added, Seven Plays, never before Printed in Folio. The Fourth edition . Edited by John Heminge (d. 1630) and Henry Condell (d. 1627), except for Pericles and six other plays added by the publisher of the Third Folio, Philip Chetwind (d. 1680). London: Printed [by Robert Roberts and others] for H. Herringman, E. Brewster, and R. Bentley, 1685.
SHAKESPEARE, William (1564-1616). Comedies, Histories, and Tragedies. Published according to the true Original Copies. Unto which is added, Seven Plays, never before Printed in Folio. The Fourth edition . Edited by John Heminge (d. 1630) and Henry Condell (d. 1627), except for Pericles and six other plays added by the publisher of the Third Folio, Philip Chetwind (d. 1680). London: Printed [by Robert Roberts and others] for H. Herringman, E. Brewster, and R. Bentley, 1685. Large 2° (364 x 238mm). 457 leaves (of 458, lacking title; see collation below). Engraved portrait of Shakespeare by Martin Droeshout in its fourth state above the verses 'To the Reader' on verso of the first leaf. Roman and italic types. Double column, 74 lines, pages box-ruled, headlines and catchwords, woodcut initials. (Marginal paper flaw in 5 leaves, neat paper flaw into text without loss in F4, H1 and *Bbb1, tiny hole in 4 leaves, Mmm1 with small hole and loss of a few letters, occasional small stains, 4 leaves slightly soiled.) UNRESTORED CONTEMPORARY BINDING : sprinkled calf, sides ruled in blind, blind herringbone roll on bands, spine ends, and board edges, red sprinkled edges (a little worn, short tear at lower hinge and headcap, pastedowns partly lifted, inner hinges split). PROVENANCE : Sir George Augustus William Shuckburgh-Evelyn (1751-1804), Baronet, Member of Parliament, mathematician, astronomer, and Fellow of the Royal Society (see lot 101 for more details on Shuckburgh as a bibliophile); tucked into this volume is a single sheet of Shuckburgh’s extensive notes describing this copy of the Fourth Folio, including its contents, page measurements, and a diagram of its layout; contemporary slip tipped to front pastedown noting ‘title-page wanting / this must be supplied / otherwise perfect / The 2nd – 3rd- and this – the 4th – Editions should be rebound – uniform. The first – when possible – exchanged for a better copy’. At his death in 1804 his collection was inherited by his daughter Julia and passed by descent: on Julia’s death in 1814 it passed to her husband, Charles Jenkinson (1784-1851, later third Earl of Liverpool); then to Lady Selina Jenkinson (1812-83), Lord Liverpool’s second daughter, whose first marriage was to William Charles Wentworth-Fitzwilliam, Viscount Milton (1812-35); Lady Mary Selina Charlotte Wentworth-Fitzwilliam (1833-99), only daughter of the above, who married William Henry Berkeley, second Viscount Portman (1829-1919); Henry Berkeley, third Viscount Portman (1860-1923), whose wife Emma Andalusia Frere Kennedy (d.1929) was the widow of Lionel George Henry Seymour Dawson-Damer, fifth Earl of Portarlington (1858-1900); and continued by descent to the present owner. FOURTH FOLIO, UNRESTORED AND IN ITS CONTEMPORARY BINDING . The Fourth Folio was set from the second issue of the Third Folio, containing the additional plays, of which Pericles is authentic, and was the last of the 17th-century editions of Shakespeare's works. It remained the preferred edition, regarded by editors, readers and collectors as textually the best until Samuel Johnson and Edward Capell established the primacy of the First Folio text in the mid-18th century. The most striking difference between the Fourth Folio and its predecessors is its height: Herringman and his co-publishers decided on a larger paper size to increase the number of lines per page and decrease the bulk of the book. Even with the additional plays, the Fourth Folio hardly contains more sheets than the First and Second Folios. It is the only edition in which each play does not start on a new page, it is in a larger fount and is more liberally spaced than the three earlier editions. In common with the Third, the Fourth Folio dropped the final 'e' from Shakespeare's name, a habit which persisted until the beginning of the 19th century. The printing was shared between 3 presses, one of which, responsible for the first section, has been identified as that of Robert Roberts on
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