QUINTILIANUS, Marcus Fabius (ca. 35-95). Institutiones oratoriae . Edited by J. A. Campanus. Rome: [Joannes Philippus de Lignamine], 3 August 1470
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QUINTILIANUS, Marcus Fabius (ca. 35-95). Institutiones oratoriae . Edited by J. A. Campanus. Rome: [Joannes Philippus de Lignamine], 3 August 1470 Median 2° (328 x 230 mm). Collation: [1 4 2-7 10 8 8 9-11 10 12-13 8 14 6 (1+1) 15-24 10 25 8 26-29 10 30 8 ] (1/1r editor's dedication to Francesco Piccolomini, 1/2r table, 1/4v blank, 2/1r author's prologue, text, 30/8r colophon, 30/8v blank). 281 leaves. 35 lines. Types 1:125R, 125Gk. One 7-line, eleven 6-line, and numerous 2-line spaces for initials, guide letters supplied in ink, alternating blue and red Lombards, opening 7-line initial in pen-and-ink outline only. Traces of early manuscript quiring and catchwords. Type lightly inked and strengthened in pen on two or three leaves. (Some light dampstaining to lower blank margins, occasional light foxing or discoloration.) 18th-century English red morocco, covers with gilt roll-tooled border, spine gilt incorporating crowned dolphin tools, turn-ins gilt (rebacked, preserving original backstrip, inner hinges reinforced). Provenance : neat marginalia in an early 16th-century hand; "Societatis Sancti Pauli montis Bononiae", 18th-century inscription on first page, ink shelfmark in same hand on front flyleaf; later shelfmark in ink in lower margin of first page; note in Italian on verso of last leaf; Dukes of Devonshire, Chatsworth Library (booklabel, sale, Christie's, 18 November 1970, lot 23, £3,800 to Chiesa). FIRST EDITION. Quintilian's pedagogical treatise on classical rhetoric, his only extant complete work, covers not only the training of an orator but also general educational theory, ancient literary criticism and the technicalities of rhetoric. Nearly forgotten during the Middle Ages, the Institutiones oratoriae was rediscovered during the Renaissance and exerted a strong influence on Renaissance and 17th-century prose style and literary criticism. During this period Quintilian was particularly popular in Italy: all of the 8 incunable editions of the Institutiones and 5 of the 6 known incunable editions of the other extant fragments of his works were printed in Italy. De Lignamine, a native of Messina and Italy's third printer, following the German immigrants Sweynheym and Pannartz and the Austrian Ulrich Han, was active from 1470 through 1476 and again, with a different press and types, from 1481 to 1484. De Lignamine was the third printer to use a Greek type, of which fonts had previously been cast only for Peter Schoeffer and Sweynheym and Pannartz. No other copies of this first product of his press have appeared on the market since the present Chatsworth duplicate was sold in 1970. HC 13646; BMC IV, 29 (IB. 17362); IGI 8258; Proctor 3381; Goff Q-24 (5 copies, of which one on vellum and one in a private collection).
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