HOURS OF GUYOT II LE PELEY, Book of Hours, use of Troyes and Rome, in Latin and French, ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM
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HOURS OF GUYOT II LE PELEY, Book of Hours, use of Troyes and Rome, in Latin and French, ILLUMINATED MANUSCRIPT ON VELLUM [Bourges, c.1480-85] 130 x 94mm. 150 leaves: 1 6, 2 6, 3-10 8, 11 7, 12-13 8, 14 1(of 2, lacking ii), 15 7(of 8, lacking i), 16-20 8, 21 3(of 4 final blank cancelled), the two lacking leaves with miniatures, 15 lines written in brown ink in a lettre batârde between two verticals and 18 horizontals ruled in pink, justification: 66 x 48mm, rubrics in pink, calendar written in red, blue and gold, one- and two-line initials of liquid gold on grounds of brown, pink or blue, decorated with liquid gold, some of the two-line initials containing camaïeu d'or heads, SIXTEEN HISTORIATED INITIALS four lines high, THREE SMALL MINIATURES of evangelists, ONE DOUBLE-PAGE AND THIRTEEN FULL-PAGE MINIATURES IN ARCHITECTURAL FRAMES, the margins of every text-page filled with illumination, inner borders of patterned liquid gold, upper borders either of foliage against a gold ground inhabited with coloured cherubs or grotesques or of fictive golden sculptural decoration, TWENTY-FOUR CALENDAR MINIATURES in the side borders, TWO HUNDRED AND SIXTY-NINE ARCHED LATERAL MINIATURES WITH STANDING FIGURES OR SCENES relating to the text they flank, TWO HUNDRED AND EIGHTY-THREE BAS-DE-PAGE MINIATURES WITH NARRATIVE SCENES FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT, running from the creation of Man to the end of II Kings (cropping to upper and lower elements of architectural frames of full-page miniatures, slight thumbing to some borders and a few pigment losses, occasional offsetting or light smudging, one wormhole in first two leaves and one at upper edge of final leaf, tiny hole in vellum of Resurrection miniature). French 18th-century gold-tooled red morocco by Derome?, wide dentelle border composed of a variety of small tools including a bird, spine gilt in seven compartments, gilt turn-ins, gilt star-patterned endpapers, gilt edges (scratches on both covers). Olive green morocco case by Gruel. PROVENENCE: 1. Guyot II Le Peley of Troyes: his coat of arms in the upper border of f.1 and on the shield held by Gemini, f.5v, azure , two doves affronted argent , a chief gules with a label argent and a star or . These arms are one of a pair that identify the owners of a Book of Hours in Paris (S.M.A.F. Ms 79-5) in a miniature added to the manuscript around 1475-80. The miniature shows Guyot II Le Peley with his wife Nicole Hennequin and their family kneeling before St Nicholas. The same anonymous Troyes illuminator illustrated another manuscript for Guyot, a copy of Pierre Michault, Le Doctrinal rural (Paris, BnF, Fr.1654), other manuscripts for the Molé family -- one of the most prosperous of the mercantile families of Troyes and relatives of the Le Peley -- and a miniature added to the Hours of Guyot's daughter Jeanne and her husband Edme Le Boucheret, mayor of Troyes. A member of the Molé family also owned a Book of Hours illuminated by Jean Colombe (Rodez, Soc. des lettres, sciences et arts de l'Aveyron, no 1) and two other manuscripts from Colombe's atelier bear the arms of a member of the Le Peley family: F. Avril and N. Reynaud, Les manuscrits à peintures en France 1440-1520 , Paris 1994, pp.186-189, 327 and 335. In the present Hours both the main Office of the Virgin and the Office of the Dead are for the use of Troyes, and the Calendar includes the feasts of the major patrons of the city in gold. Other Books of Hours for the liturgical use of Troyes issued from Colombe's atelier; it is likely that this was the result of the influence of Louis de Laval, commissioner of some of Colombe's most prestigious works, who was governor of Champagne. 2. The 16th-century miniature added on the final verso, showing two angels holding a chalice with a rayed host hovering over it, is above a banderole with 'IBI AMOR UBI FIDES': this may have had emblematic significance for a later owner. 3. Gaetano Poggiali of Livorno (1759-1813), bibliophile and publisher, no 12
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